Cover Texts Bayreuth African Studies 61 - 70


Bayreuth African Studies 61

Victor Samson Dugga
Creolisations in Nigerian Theatre


Nigeria's triple historical heritage of autochtone cultures, of Islamic Jihad, Christian missions and British colonialism conditioned a cultural development of continuous change before and after independence. The interaction of "the nations within the nation" in the 90s further enhanced a variety of creolisations in the arts, visibly in the theatre. The revival of Eggon festival performance as revitalisation of ethnic identity within the Nigerian nation, Soyinka's and Osofisan's usage of Yoruba traditions in a new form of social documentation theatre, Amatu Braide's and Bose Tsevende's theatre for special purposes are the examples chosen by Dugga to illustrate the changes in the art as well as the new role of the cultural elite in the 21st century Nigeria. He points to the emergence of a new cultural policy, yet to be programmatically formulated, that envisages cultural diversity as major asset to Nigerian cultural identity.

Victor Samson Dugga teaches Theatre at the University of Jos/Nigeria. He has written and directed a variety of plays, he staged plays of the African classical dramatists, initiated popular theatre/TfD projects, he writes poetry and short stories. His short story "Over the Bar" won a first prize in a writing contest organised by the Swiss Association for African Studies and FIFA in Zürich 2001.


"Dugga succeeded in working out the multi-faceted trends in Nigerian theatre. His reasoning power has the force to convince the reader of the validity of his arguments." - Said Khamis




Bayreuth African Studies 62

Ulli Beier (ed.)
Yoruba Poetry - An Anthology


Yoruba poetry - with its condensed, startling and often witty imagery and its evocation of layers of historical and mythological allusion - is one of the world's most fascinating literary traditions. Ulli Beier's classic anthology of Yoruba poetic texts has given English speakers a taste of this poetic repertoire. Compiled and translated in collaboration with deeply informed Yoruba colleagues, it draws on a wide range of Yoruba genres, from sacred Ifa divination poems to riddles and humorous songs, to offer memorable and often sharp-eyed commentaries on Yoruba life. The poems were chosen for their ability to communicate even in translation, and the English versions are vivid and appealing works of art in their own right. This new edition brings the reader invaluable additional background information in the notes, and an expanded introductory essay exploring the delights and complexities of Yoruba poetic language.

Karin Barber









Bayreuth African Studies 63

Bode Omojola
Studies In African Pianism


Studies In African Pianism is a collection of seven original piano compositions, which evoke different features of African music. The piano is often treated as a 'surrogate' African instrument, evoking the character of Yoruba music. The works have been performed within and outside Nigeria. Two Nigerian Dances premiered in 1997 at the University of Leicester. With their aesthetic appeal, these pieces will be of great artistic value to composers and musicologists who are interested in the intercultural dynamics of modern African music.














Bayreuth African Studies 64

Bode Omojola
Three Yoruba Sacred Choral Works


Three Yoruba Sacred Choral Works is a collection of three original compositions, which evolve from the composer's work with young music students and choristers in schools, universities and churches in Nigeria and Ghana. The adoption of a generally diatonic vocabulary instead of a modernist pitch-building system, reflects the composer's consideration for the musical preferences of most college and church choral groups in Africa. Choral groups, as well as scholars and teachers of African music, will find this collection delightful and valuable.














Bayreuth African Studies 65

René Philombe
Bedi-Ngula, L'Ancien Maquisard


De tous les écrivains camerounais, René Philombe est certainement celui que les circonstances ont le moins servi. Mais il est sans doute celui qui s'est le plus investi pour organiser sur place, au Cameroun, une vie littéraire animée. Son opiniâtreté à initier la création d'institutions durables relève pour ainsi dire de la légende. Avec l'APEC, les Èditions Semences Africaines, sa librairie, le CREPLA, René Philombe peut être considéré comme le père de l'institution de la littérature au Cameroun.

Ambroise Kom













Bayreuth African Studies 66

Wole Ogundele, with a foreword by Wole Soyinka
Omoluabi - Ulli Beier, Yoruba Society And Culture


The Yoruba word omoluabi is difficult to translate. If you ask a hundred Yorubas, you are likely to get a hundred definitions. It is a term of appreciation for a man who has integrity, wisdom and patience. Somebody said: "Omoluabi is a man who has two hundred friends." This book explores one omoluabi's life.

"Ulli's affair with Nigeria was love at first encounter. There are not many people who breathe and live culture, and perhaps even Ulli was unaware at the time that he belonged to that minority breed - he would find this out on his first encounter with Yoruba culture ... Without being fulsome or uncritical, Ogundele has captured for us the essence of the wanderer who came, saw, and was conquered, whose approach to life rescued the word "expatriate" from its usual negative connotations." - Wole Soyinka

Wole Ogundele has taught African Literature in English at Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, since 1980. He now does translation from English into Yoruba and is currently working on a critical history of written Yoruba history. Omoluabi is his cultural biography of Ulli Beier.





Bayreuth African Studies 67

Ambroise Kom (ed.)
Remember Mongo Beti


Le présent mémorial évoque l'itinéraire au cours duquel Mongo Beti traverse non seulement des forêts et de mers, mais engage aussi de luttes héroïques intie des projets ambitieux, produit une oeuvre puissante et crée de nombreuses légendes qu'il nous laisse en héritage. Loin d'être un recueil de panégyriques, l'ouvrage s'apparente à un album de photographies prises avec des caméras diverses ayant chacun son angle visuel. Comme il faudra beaucop de temps et beaucop de travail pour véritablement explorer et saisir dans toute leur complexité les multiples facettes de l'homme que fut Mongo Beti et pour donner de son oeuvre tous le éclairages utiles, les textes ici réunis ne sont qu'une invitation au voyage, une incitation à engager un périple sur le traces de l'écrivain camerounais.

Ambroise Kom a enseigné les littératures africaines, africaines-américains et caraïbes dans de universités aux États-Unis, au Canada, au Maroc et au Cameroun. Il a également été professeur invité en Allemagne, en France et en Afrique du Sud. Il a dirigé plusieurs collectifs et publié des ouvrages sur Chester Himes, George Lamming et les enjeux culturels de la condition post-coloniale en Afrique.







Bayreuth African Studies 68

Wotsuna Khamalwa
Identity, Power, And Culture: Imbalu Initiation Among The Bamasaba In Uganda


Identity, Power, and Culture: Imbalu; Initiation among the Bamasaba takes the reader through the labyrinths of ritual in general, and initiation ritual in particular. It describes the initiation ritual of the Bamasaba through its seven phases, which like a symphony, builds up momentum towards a climax before tapering off to the end.
The subtle and intricate ritual symbolism behind the personages, items, actions and gestures is carefully brought to the fore, revealing the underlying themes of identity and power, both personal and communal, interwoven within this cultural ritual practice.

Wotsuna Khamalwa, PhD (Bayreuth, Germany) is a Senior Lecturer in Social Anthropology and Religious Studies, at Makerere University in Uganda. He has lectured in several universities in Kenya and Uganda, and has authored many articles in his areas of expertise. Besides teaching, Dr. Wotsuna Khamalwa is a senior researcher. He recently won the prestigious Leverhulme Senior Research Fellowship in Anthropology, and spent a year at the University of Wales, Lampeter in the UK. He was subsequently awarded a Bene Merenti by that university in recognition for his work.




Bayreuth African Studies 69

Alexie Tcheuyap (ed.)
Cinema And Social Discourse in Cameroon


Cinema and Social Discourse in Cameroon analyzes a cinema that, after a series of state-controlled productions that aimed to create a fictitious image and consolidate a long autocracy, has been inaugurating some major thematic and aesthetic innovations for the last twenty years. There are daring ideological stances in the films of post-1980 filmmakers that now address national issues that go beyond the redundant theme of marriage, which saturated the cinematic imagination for years.
The essays in this volume use film semiotics, postcolonial inquiries, as well as cultural theories to stimulate alternative, innovative, and radical analyses that interrogate and disrupt official discourses and preconceptions about national culture. They also reveal the diverse and creative voices in Cameroonian film, ultimately deepening our understanding of the language and social discourse of a vibrant national cinema.

Alexie Tcheuyap is Associate Professor of French and Francophone Studies at the University of Calgary. He has published Esthétique et folie dans l'œuvre romanesque de Pius Ngandu Nkashama (Paris: L'Harmattan, 1998) and De l'écrit à l'écran. Les réécritures filmiques du roman africain francophone (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2004). He has also edited special issues of Présence Francophone and Études Littéraires on the subject of African literature and film. His other articles have appeared in CiNéMAS, Research in African Literatures, Études Françaises, Présence Francophone, Notre Librairie, Palabres, Protéee, Mots Pluriels, CinémAction, and elsewhere.





Bayreuth African Studies 70

Haike Frank
Role-Play In South African Theatre


The passbook has been the symbol of apartheid racism. For black, coloured and Asian South Africans the passbook dictated their official and racial identity. It determined where they could work, love and live, but also when they had to leave the city and return to their "homeland". The passbook fixed the roles which non-whites were allowed to play within the apartheid regime, and it enforced double identities. Under the cover of the "yes Baas" role of the "good kaffir", black South Africans asserted their personal and true racial identity.
The necessity for a role play and multiple identities in real life is reflected on stage, where shifting identities and role changes carried the essential political and social messages. But changing roles on open stage also became the aesthetic icon of South African theatre that adapted Grotowski's "Poor Theatre" to a distinctly South African style.
Improvisational methods, innovative aesthetics and financial constraints have shaped Athol Fugard's theatrical style in his early plays. Role changes dominated the multi-racial theatrical experiment of Workshop '71, and it became the trademark of black theatre, where Bopha! or You Strike the Woman, You Strike the Rock bring the life experience of a whole community on stage with only three actors.
Role play comprises both the aesthetics and the politics of South African theatre under apartheid.


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