Cover Texts Bayreuth African Studies 31 - 40

Bayreuth African Studies 31

Eckhard Breitinger (ed.)
Theatre and Performance in Africa

Theatre for Development, popular theatre, and musical performance describe the social and political implications of cultural practice; production analyses of recent plays, semiotic analyses of masquerades or ritual drama explore the aesthetics of performative arts in Africa. Radical change in South Africa or democratisation elsewhere in Africa seek expression expression in contemporary theatre, popular song, and even state controlled television.
Scholars and theatre practitioners from East, West, South Africa and from Europe reveal the regional, artistic and political diversity of Theatre and Performance in Africa.

"An important resource for all concerned with African theatre" - Martin Banham in Theatre Research International

Eckhard Breitinger taught in the Caribbean and several African universities. Besides his scholarly publications, he is also known for his translations, his radio essays and as a theatre photographer.

"presents an excellent array of texts, good to pass on to students and colleagues" - Gaurav Desai in Research in African Literature (RAL) (USA)

"an important resource for all concerned with African Theatre" - Martin Banham in Theatre Research International (UK)

"The 15 choice essays reflect how the differences between absolutism and melange are being negotiated through dramatic idioms today." - Femi Abodunrin in West Africa (UK, 26 Sept. - 2 Oct. 1994)

Bayreuth African Studies 32

Derek Wright
The Novels of Nuruddin Farah

Derek Wright's revised introduction to Nuruddin Farah's novels covers the entire fictional œuvre from the early narratives to his latest novel Secrets (1998) and also the recent non-fictional book on Somali refugees.
The main focus is on two trilogies, the Dictatorship trilogy's investigation of the family as microcosm of the state and vehicle of political repression and, in the second trilogy, the weavening of fables of Somali national identity from the Ogaden war, international relief and the Somali crisis of the 1990s. Farah's novels explore the ways in which indigenous traditions are implicated in postcolonial totalitarianism, showing how Western individualist values are both liberating and disabling, and how oral traditions can be both reactionary and revolutionary.
Nuruddin Farah is presented as a multi-literate writer with access to many literary cultures - Somali orature, Arabic and Islamic writing, Western modernism and postmodernism - and as a pioneering feminist among African novelists.

"a landmark in the criticism of the African novel"
Jacqueline Bardolph in Research in African Literatures

"Readers of Farah are in Wright's debt for his research"
Reed Way Dasenbrock in World Literature Today

Derek Wright taught for thirty years at colleges and universities in Britain, Africa and Australia. He is the author of over a hundred essays and articles and has published ten books, including Ayi Kwei Armah's Africa: The Sources of His Fiction (1989), Wole Soyinka Revisited (1993), New Directions in African Fiction (1997) and Contemporary African Fiction (ed., 1997).

Bayreuth African Studies 33

Janos Riesz & Helene d'Almeida-Topor (eds.)
Echanges Franco-Allemands sur l'Afrique

Cet ouvrage est le fruit d'une coopération pluridisciplinaire entre les universités de Bayreuth et de Paris VII dans le domaine des études africanistes. Ces contributions, issues de trois tables-rondes, ont porté sur diverses parties de l'Afrique sub-saharienne: de la Namibie à la Tanzanie, de la Sierra Leone a la "Grande Ile" de Madagascar, du Mali au Cameroun. Des historiens, géographes, sociologues et urbanistes, des linguistes et des littéraires, des spécialistes de l'Islam et des économistes ont traité de thèmes allant de l'histoire précoloniale aux interrogations actuelles et décisives pour la politique de développement: répartition des sols, alimentation et santé.

Ces recherches s'étendent de la "gestion paysanne" à la "solidarité internationale".

Bayreuth African Studies 34

Ernest Beyaraza
Contemporary Relativism with Special Reference to Culture and Africa

Contemporary relativism is an issue in vogue and a force to reckon with. This work associates relativism with subjectivism and critical metaphysics which, on the basis of "association of ideas" rather than "matters of fact" (Hume), avail us with the reality purely concomitant to human creativity. Culture is viewed as part and parcel of that reality. Hence, critical metaphysics is taken as a platform from which concepts of both culture and Africa are examined.

The work defends culture in Africa, but also demonstrates cultural dependence, retardation, distortion, and even death, and then argues for cultural recovery and independence without which the flag of independence remains a mockery and a dream. Culture is conceived if not as a dead museum piece but as a living reality of the people.

Bayreuth African Studies 35

Marion Frank
Aids-Education Through Theatre. Case Studies from Uganda

Governments and non-governmental organisations search for effective means of communication to improve health awareness and to control the spreading of AIDS. The movement Artists Against AIDS presents various forms of cultural communication from traditional folk-structures through pop-music to mime, dance and theatre.
The analysis of AIDS campaigns and the Ugandan cultural festival AIDS-Quake provide insight into the sociopolitical set-up of AIDS-Aid and the role of the committed artist and the art work in that context.

"an excellent introduction for any one entering the field being concise and very well documented." - Chris Dunton in West Africa (UK, 22 - 28 Jan. 1996)

Bayreuth African Studies 36

Eckhard Breitinger and Rose Mbowa (eds.)
Theatre for Development

(In Cooperation with GtZ and Ministry of Health)

Critics, theatre practitioners, community workers and public health administrators have joined forces to discuss the principles of communication through theatre, of health education and to present case studies from an AlDS-control programme.

The book is illustrated with fullsized colour photographs from rural and urban Theatre for Development activities.

Bayreuth African Studies 37

Cristiana Pugliese
Author, Publisher and Gikuyu Nationalist: The Life and Writings of Gakaara wa Wanjau

Ngugi wa Thiong'o drew international critical attention to writing in African languages. Gakaara preceeded Ngugi as a writer, a political activist and detainee for the cause of Gikuyu language, literature, and culture.

As a writer, educationist, editor, and publisher Gakaara advocated a language policy that made him politically suspect before and after independence Gakaara's novels and short stories are presented here in wider political context of colonialism and neo-colonialism in Kenya.

"Cristiana Pugliese's presentation of Gakaara wa Wajau is admirable. It is deep, analytical and well researched, documenting one of Kneya's unacknowledged giants in the world of letters." - Hinga wa Wanjiru in The People (Kenya June 14-20, 1996)

"Le travail de Cristiana Pugliese veritablement le modele du type d'étude qu'il faudrai realiser sur beaucoup de langues africaines" - Alain Ricard in Politique Africaine (Bordeaux, 1996)

Bayreuth African Studies 38

Cecilia Namulondo Nganda
Primary Education and Social Integration. Ethnic Stereotypes in the Uganda Basic Text Books

Multi-ethnic Uganda faces a crucial problem in her educational policy: should national unity and national culture be emphasised or should the richness of national culture be seen in ethnic and cultural diversity. Textbooks used in schools are of prime importance in this context. What kind of images of otherness do they project? What concepts of ethnic diversity and specificity do textbooks promote? Do they direct the minds of schoolchildren towards the formation of ethnic stereotypes or are they made to see the validity of the culture of other ethnic groups than their own?

This book takes stock of the present situation in Ugandan primary education.

Bayreuth African Studies 39

Eckhard Breitinger (ed.)
Uganda: The Cultural Landscape

Until the late 60s, Uganda and its Makerere University were the intellectual centre of East Africa. The Obote and Amin dictatorships ruined the country and its literary reputation. Cultural activities continued inspite of political terror and civil war, but were largely ignored by critics. This collection of essays presents an overview of the Ugandan cultural landscape in its historical development and cultural diversity.

The essays deal with oral literatures, with classical writers like Okot p'Bitek or Robert Serumaga, popular, educative and art theatre as well as the creative output in prose, poetry and fine arts.

"Breitinger has done Isis work... gathered and remembered the scattered fragments - a rediscovered Rosetta stone" - Peter Nazareth in World Literature Today (USA)

"Das Buch ist gleichzeitig in Uganda und Deutschland erschienen und garantiert auch in Uganda Aufmerksamkeit... Damit wird verhindert, dass der Diskurs über afrikanische Themen - wie sonst leider üblich - ganz im europäischen Umfeld bleibt." - Rainer Epp in Initiative Pro Afrika (Januar 2000)

"Material about Uganda's modern cultural, artistic, and literary trends are hard to find... an attempt has at last been made by these 15 writers... Uganda: The Cultural Landscape is a joy to read" - Deogratias Byabafumu in The New Vision (Kampala/Uganda 27 Apr. 2001)

"les caracteristiques de la littérature ougandaise, l'expérience d'une histoire tragique ont forcé les auteurs et chercheurs à se mettre respectueusement à l'écoute des populations de ce pays. L'avoir compris et avoir réussi à composer un ouvrage collectif sur telles bases est à mettre au credit du Pr. Eckhard Breitinger et de l'équipe de chercheurs réuni pour ce travail." - Michel Naumann in Etudes littéraires Africaines 14 (2002)

Bayreuth African Studies 40

Olu Obafemi
Contemporary Nigerian Theatre

Olu Obafemi writes as a theory-oriented scholar with the inside knowledge of the playwright and director about the post-Soyinkan generation of Nigerian dramatists and their origins in popular Yoruba theatre. He draws a comprehensive picture of the intricate network between the old hands of popular theatre, Duro Ladipo, Hubert Ogunde, Baba Sala, the modern interpreters of traditional culture, J. P. Clark and Ola Rotimi and the later writers Bode Sowande, Femi Osofisan and Tess Onwueme.

Olu Obafemi presents a complete theatrical history of Nigeria in the 70s and 80s.

"Obafemi knows his subject very well and his passion for theatre is in no doubt" - Osita Okagube in African Theatre (UK)

"Pourqui cette confrontation entre Soyinka et des jeunes auteurs comme Osofisan et Omotoso? Olu Obafemi le montre clairement... un ouvrage clair, bien organisé, agréablement écrit où - rare qualité - le profane sera aussi à l'aise que le spécialist." - Michel Naumann in Etudes littéraires Africaines 14 (2002)

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