Cover Texts Bayreuth African Studies 21 - 30


Bayreuth African Studies 21/22

Akin Euba
Yoruba Drumming. The Dùndún Tradition


Dùndún is the most characteristic type of Yoruba traditional drumming and features in a wide variety of social contexts, both religious and secular. Hourglass tension drums, which form the basis of dùndún, are found all over West Africa and are believed to have entered the region from the north. Their spread over Yorubaland was coincident with the rise of the Oyo Empire and the chief exponents of dùndún are located in central and northern Yorubaland. The use of musical instruments as speech surrogates is a major aspect of Yoruba culture and the preeminence of dùndún in the culture is directly related to the value and versatility of tension drums as talking instruments. Dùndún is practised extensively among the Yoruba and is the best-known type of traditional drumming.

Consequently, a study of its theory and practise provides an overview of the style of Yoruba drumming in general. The book is divided into four parts, titled (1) The Social Background, (2) The Ensemble, (3) The Poetry and the Music, (4) Related Musical Types and Other Art Forms.



"...a well rounded study, full of information on the history of the music and instruments, the training of the musicians, performing techniques and the religious and secular uses of dundun." - Musical Opinion (USA, 1992)

"Euba's discusssions of the talking drum dialect, syllabification, repetition, narrative and sentence construction are marvellously detailed." - Bruce King in Research in African Literature (RAL) (1993)




Bayreuth African Studies 23

Janos Riesz & Alain Ricard (eds.)
Le Champ Littéraire Togolais


Les articles réunis dans ce volume abordent, à partir de la notion de "champ littéraire" développée par Pierre Bourdieu, divers domaines de la culture togolaise, de langue ewe, française ou allemande. Des premiers documents écrits de l'histoire togolaise à la littérature de la génération Eyadema, des littéraires mais aussi des linguistes et des historiens y traitent de sujets aussi variés que les sources allemandes sur l'histoire du Togo, la contribution de Westermann dans la recherche sur la culture ewe, la presse togolaise avant l'indépendance, les problèmes de diglossie, la poésie togolaise en langue française, ainsi que d'écrivains aussi divers que Félix Chouchoro, Sénouvo Agboto Zinsou, Kofi Awoonor, Ferdinand Kwasi Fiawoo, etc, livrant ainsi un panorama permettant enfin de mieux appréhender cette réalite polymorphe qu'est le champ littéraire togolais.











Bayreuth African Studies 24

Josef Schmied (ed.)
English in East and Central Africa II


The contributions to this collection are all based on original empirical work by linguists with firsthand experience in the field. Their articles concentrate on the practical problems surrounding English in Africa. Most of the articles in this collection deal with the role of English in education, others with issues of stylistic and language awareness, the Africanization of English as well as the influence of English in the African setting. To evaluate these functions many small-scale empirical studies are needed.

In this volume African and European researchers present their work together as a basis for discussion and further research.












Bayreuth African Studies 25

Joshua Uzoigwe
Akin Euba - An Introduction to the Life and Music of a Nigerian Composer


Joshua Uzoigwe's introduction to the works of Akin Euba illustrates how a bi-cultural creative mind copes with the challenge of harmonizing two different cultural idioms, the African and the Western. Although Akin Euba employs 20th century Western techniques, his creative instincts are firmly rooted in the mystical and mythological beliefs of his own people, the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria. The author also demonstrates how Euba's research on Yoruba drumming has influenced his compositions. Akin Euba is an articulate proponent of neo-African art music and has published widely on this subject.

Uzoigwe illuminates the composer's mind by making extensive reference to his scholarly writing.



"Uzoigwe's musical and philosophical sympathies become noticeable when he discusses the 'Cultural Triangle' that circumscribes Akin Euba's compositional choices: The Western, African and Yoruba" - Kofi Agawa in Research in African Literature (RAL) (1996)

"Joshua Uzoigwe offers a strong launching-pad towards a better understanding of the philosphical, aesthetic and methodological developments of modern African Music." - John Baldacchino in Commonwealth Music (UK, 1994)




Bayreuth African Studies 26

Gudrun Ludwar-Ene & Mechthild Reh (eds.)
Focus on Women in Africa


This volume comprises eight articles based on recent fieldwork data on the situation of women in various countries of West and East Africa. Most of the contributions derive from research conducted in the context of the Bayreuth Special Research Programme "Identity in Africa - Processes of Development and Change".

The articles cover a wide range of topics such as the concept of "sleeping pregnancy" (kwantacce) as it affects Hausa women in Northern Nigeria, women as media in different cults in Uganda, gender differences in socialization in Abidjan and Cameroon, industrial entrepreneurship and urban-rural ties among women in Nigeria, the legal position of widows in Zambia and female utopias in the lyric verse of Véronique Tadjo (Ivory Coast).











Bayreuth African Studies 27

Flora Veit-Wild
Survey of Zimbabwean Writers


The survey explores the factors, forces and circumstances that shaped the personality and work of Zimbabwean writers and gives insight into the history of Zimbabwean writing from its beginning to the present.


"The study offers a complex and fascinating look at the complexities of the development of the collective literary sensibility in a multilingual society where a variety of social, political and religious influence are brought to bear on the developing sensibility of individual writers." - G. D. Killam (University of Guelph, Ontario)












Bayreuth African Studies 28

Norbert Aas & Harald Sippel
Koloniale Konflikte im Alltag


Colonial legislation, legal administration and jurisdiction mirror the colonial mentality of imperial Germany. The case of the notorious settler H. K. Langkoop in German East Africa illustrates the duality between administration and the law courts. Langkoop's manhandling of "natives" was considered a minor offence, insulting an administrator was seen as close to treason. Racial superiority and colonial authority were prime values to be upheld after World War I, Langkoop lost his farm and claimed compensation from the Reichsentschädigungsamt.

The files that document the Post-War situation became only accessible after the fall of the Berlin Wall. This second edition, therefore, includes more and new source material.












Bayreuth African Studies 29

Cynthia Tse Kimberlin & Akin Euba (eds.)
Intercultural Music I


Composers, musicians, musicologists from Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Europe write about their concepts and experiences with intercultural music under the following heading: The Composer's Approach to Creativity, Contemporary Perspectives on Historical Approaches, Intercultural Approaches to the Teaching of Music, Music within the Context of Government Policy, Political Conflicts and Conflict Resolution and Theoretical Concepts, Social Functions, Rhythmic Norms and Contextual Practice.

The essays deal with traditional music, modern art music, popular music, film music, musical instruments in different cultures from Egypt, Nigeria, Uganda, to India, Malaysia, and Japan.












Bayreuth African Studies 30

Nalova Lyonga, Eckhard Breitinger & Bole Butake (eds.)
Anglophone Cameroon Writing


This volume of essays, produced in cooperation with Yaounde-based WEKA - A Journal of Anglophone Cameroon Writing and the Arts, takes stock of the current critical discourse on Anglophoneness and Anglophone writing.

Individual essays treat issues of the socio-cultural context like the role of education, publishing, the Iinguistic situation; others deal with the importance of orality, dramatic techniques in current theatre but also with the wider issues of minority and dominant discourse or the place of Anglophone Cameroon Writing within a complex context of linguistic and political hegemonies on the national and the international level.


"an important landmark in the critical discourse of Cameroon literature as a whole" - Teddy Ako in Cameroon Post


"...the book succeeds to alert us to the dangers of marginalisation and ethnic minority issues on the African continent." - Femi Abodunrin in West Africa (UK, 16-22-May 1994)

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